Spaying (females) and neutering (males) procedures are amongst the most commonly performed surgical procedures for companion animals. Spaying involves removal of the female reproductive tract (ovaries and uterus) whereas for males, neutering involves removal of the testes.
- Avoidance of unwanted pregnancies: finding good homes for puppies and kittens can be challenging, not to mention potential risks of pregnancy, and extra costs of providing early life stage veterinary care for the puppies or kittens.
- Lessen the risk of certain cancers: spaying reduces the risk of breast cancer significantly in young females, and eliminates the risk of ovarian and uterine cancers. Risk of testicular cancer is eliminated in males. However, early spay/neuter may increase the risk of certain health problems and cancer in some breeds. Our veterinary team can discuss the optimal timing for spaying or neutering your pet.
- Reduce behavioral problems: spaying and neutering tend to reduce behavioral problems such as urine marking, aggression, and urge to wander to find a suitable mate.
- Less mess: intact (not spayed) female dogs have estrus cycles (heat cycles) once to twice yearly, during which there is a period of active bleeding from the vulva.
Prior to Surgery
Spay and Neuter procedures require general anesthesia. We recommend baseline laboratory testing prior to anesthesia and surgery. Your pet should be fasted overnight the night prior to surgery.
Day of Surgery
On the day of surgery, sedation and pain relieving injections will be given prior to anesthesia. Anesthetic monitoring and IV fluids are provided during the procedures.
After Surgery (Post-Operative)
Post operatively, your pet will receive attentive nursing care from our staff during recovery. Pets are sent home with pain relieving medication and activity should be restricted for two weeks.
Complications of spay and neuter surgeries are infrequent, but can include excessive bleeding, pain, infection, failure to heal normally, and estrogen-associated urinary incontinence in young female dogs. Please call us right away if your pet has been spayed or neutered and you are seeing any of these symptoms.
For more information about spaying and neutering, please contact our staff or visit: AVMA: Elective Spaying and Neutering of Pets